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The hologram is based upon Nobel Prize winner Dennis Gabor's theory concerning interference patterns. Gabor theorized in 1947 that each crest of the wave pattern contains the whole information of its original source, and that this information could be stored on film and reproduced. This is why it is called a hologram .


Holography is the only visual recording and playback process that can record our three-dimensional world on a two-dimensional recording medium and playback the original object or scene, to the unaided eyes, as a three dimensional image. The image demonstrates complete parallax and depth-of-field. The image floats in space either behind, in front of, or straddling the recording medium.

 

Hologram Basic

The Hologram is based upon Nobel Prize winner Dennis Gabor's theory concerning interference patterns. Gabor theorized in 1947 that each crest of the wave pattern contains the whole information of its original source, and that this information could be stored on film and reproduced. This is why it is called a Hologramm.


Holography is the only visual recording and playback process that can record our three-dimensional world on a two-dimensional recording medium and playback the original object or scene, to the unaided eyes, as a three dimensional image. The image demonstrates complete parallax and depth-of-field. The image floats in space either behind, in front of, or straddling the recording medium.

 

The Holographic Universe


The Universe as a Hologram

In 1982 a remarkable event took place. At the University of Paris a research team led by physicist Alain Aspect performed what may turn out to be one of the most important experiments of the 20th century. You did not hear about it on the evening news. In fact, unless you are in the habit of reading scientific journals you probably have never even heard Aspect's name, though there are some who believe his discovery may change the face of science.

Aspect and his team discovered that under certain circumstances subatomic particles such as electrons are able to instantaneously communicate with each other regardless of the distance separating them. It doesn't matter whether they are 10 feet or 10 billion miles apart.

Somehow each particle always seems to know what the other is doing. The problem with this feat is that it violates Einstein's long-held tenet that no communication can travel faster than the speed of light. Since traveling faster than the speed of light is tantamount to breaking the time barrier, this daunting prospect has caused some physicists to try to come up with elaborate ways to explain away Aspect's findings. But it has inspired others to offer even more radical explanations.

University of London physicist David Bohm, for example, believes Aspect's findings imply that objective reality does not exist, that despite its apparent solidity the universe is at heart a phantasm, a gigantic and splendidly detailed Hologramm.

To understand why Bohm makes this startling assertion, one must first understand a little about Hologramm. A Hologram is a three- dimensional photograph made with the aid of a laser.

To make a Hologramm, the object to be photographed is first bathed in the light of a laser beam. Then a second laser beam is bounced off the reflected light of the first and the resulting interference pattern (the area where the two laser beams commingle) is captured on film.

When the film is developed, it looks like a meaningless swirl of light and dark lines. But as soon as the developed film is illuminated by another laser beam, a three-dimensional image of the original object appears.

The three-dimensionality of such images is not the only remarkable characteristic of Hologramm. If a Hologram of a rose is cut in half and then illuminated by a laser, each half will still be found to contain the entire image of the rose.

Indeed, even if the halves are divided again, each snippet of film will always be found to contain a smaller but intact version of the original image. Unlike normal photographs, every part of a Hologram contains all the information possessed by the whole.

The "whole in every part" nature of a Hologram provides us with an entirely new way of understanding organization and order. For most of its history, Western science has labored under the bias that the best way to understand a physical phenomenon, whether a frog or an atom, is to dissect it and study its respective parts.

A Hologram teaches us that some things in the universe may not lend themselves to this approach. If we try to take apart something constructed holographically, we will not get the pieces of which it is made, we will only get smaller wholes.

This insight suggested to Bohm another way of understanding Aspect's discovery. Bohm believes the reason subatomic particles are able to remain in contact with one another regardless of the distance separating them is not because they are sending some sort of mysterious signal back and forth, but because their separateness is an illusion. He argues that at some deeper level of reality such particles are not individual entities, but are actually extensions of the same fundamental something.

To enable people to better visualize what he means, Bohm offers the following illustration.

Imagine an aquarium containing a fish. Imagine also that you are unable to see the aquarium directly and your knowledge about it and what it contains comes from two television cameras, one directed at the aquarium's front and the other directed at its side.

As you stare at the two television monitors, you might assume that the fish on each of the screens are separate entities. After all, because the cameras are set at different angles, each of the images will be slightly different. But as you continue to watch the two fish, you will eventually become aware that there is a certain relationship between them.

When one turns, the other also makes a slightly different but corresponding turn; when one faces the front, the other always faces twoard the side. If you remain unaware of the full scope of the situation, you might even conclude that the fish must be instantaneously communicating with one another, but this is clearly not the case.

This, says Bohm, is precisely what is going on between the subatomic particles in Aspect's experiment.

According to Bohm, the apparent faster-than-light connection between subatomic particles is really telling us that there is a deeper level of reality we are not privy to, a more complex dimension beyond our own that is analogous to the aquarium. And, he adds, we view objects such as subatomic particles as separate from one another because we are seeing only a portion of their reality.

Such particles are not separate "parts", but facets of a deeper and more underlying unity that is ultimately as holographic and indivisible as the previously mentioned rose. And since everything in physical reality is comprised of these "eidolons", the universe is itself a projection, a Hologramm.

In addition to its phantomlike nature, such a universe would possess other rather startling features. If the apparent separateness of subatomic particles is illusory, it means that at a deeper level of reality all things in the universe are infinitely interconnected.

The electrons in a carbon atom in the human brain are connected to the subatomic particles that comprise every salmon that swims, every heart that beats, and every star that shimmers in the sky.

Everything interpenetrates everything, and although human nature may seek to categorize and pigeonhole and subdivide, the various phenomena of the universe, all apportionments are of necessity artificial and all of nature is ultimately a seamless web.

In a holographic universe, even time and space could no longer be viewed as fundamentals. Because concepts such as location break down in a universe in which nothing is truly separate from anything else, time and three-dimensional space, like the images of the fish on the TV monitors, would also have to be viewed as projections of this deeper order.

At its deeper level reality is a sort of superhologram in which the past, present, and future all exist simultaneously. This suggests that given the proper tools it might even be possible to someday reach into the superholographic level of reality and pluck out scenes from the long-forgotten past.

What else the superhologram contains is an open-ended question. Allowing, for the sake of argument, that the superhologram is the matrix that has given birth to everything in our universe, at the very least it contains every subatomic particle that has been or will be -- every configuration of matter and energy that is possible, from snowflakes to quasars, from blu?whales to gamma rays. It must be seen as a sort of cosmic storehouse of "All That Is."

Although Bohm concedes that we have no way of knowing what else might lie hidden in the superhologram, he does venture to say that we have no reason to assume it does not contain more. Or as he puts it, perhaps the superholographic level of reality is a "mere stage" beyond which lies "an infinity of further development".

Bohm is not the only researcher who has found evidence that the universe is a Hologramm. Working independently in the field of brain research, Standford neurophysiologist Karl Pribram has also become persuaded of the holographic nature of reality.

Pribram was drawn to the holographic model by the puzzle of how and where memories are stored in the brain. For decades numerous studies have shown that rather than being confined to a specific location, memories are dispersed throughout the brain.

In a series of landmark experiments in the 1920s, brain scientist Karl Lashley found that no matter what portion of a rat's brain he removed he was unable to eradicate its memory of how to perform complex tasks it had learned prior to surgery. The only problem was that no one was able to come up with a mechanism that might explain this curious "whole in every part" nature of memory storage.

Then in the 1960s Pribram encountered the concept of holography and realized he had found the explanation brain scientists had been looking for. Pribram believes memories are encoded not in neurons, or small groupings of neurons, but in patterns of nerve impulses that crisscross the entire brain in the same way that patterns of laser light interference crisscross the entire area of a piece of film containing a holographic image. In other words, Pribram believes the brain is itself a Hologramm.

Pribram's theory also explains how the human brain can store so many memories in so little space. It has been estimated that the human brain has the capacity to memorize something on the order of 10 billion bits of information during the average human lifetime (or roughly the same amount of information contained in five sets of the Encyclopaedia Britannica).

Similarly, it has been discovered that in addition to their other capabilities, Hologram possess an astounding capacity for information storage--simply by changing the angle at which the two lasers strike a piece of photographic film, it is possible to record many different images on the same surface. It has been demonstrated that one cubic centimeter of film can hold as many as 10 billion bits of information.

Our uncanny ability to quickly retrieve whatever information we need from the enormous store of our memories becomes more understandable if the brain functions according to holographic principles. If a friend asks you to tell him what comes to mind when he says the word "zebra", you do not have to clumsily sort back through ome gigantic and cerebral alphabetic file to arrive at an answer. Instead, associations like "striped", "horselike", and "animal native to Africa" all pop into your head instantly.

Indeed, one of the most amazing things about the human thinking process is that every piece of information seems instantly cross- correlated with every other piece of information--another feature intrinsic to the Hologramm. Because every portion of a Hologram is infinitely interconnected with ever other portion, it is perhaps nature's supreme example of a cross-correlated system.

The storage of memory is not the only neurophysiological puzzle that becomes more tractable in light of Pribram's holographic model of the brain. Another is how the brain is able to translate the avalanche of frequencies it receives via the senses (light frequencies, sound frequencies, and so on) into the concrete world of our perceptions. Encoding and decoding frequencies is precisely what a Hologram does best. Just as a Hologram functions as a sort of lens, a translating device able to convert an apparently meaningless blur of frequencies into a coherent image, Pribram believes the brain also comprises a lens and uses holographic principles to mathematically convert the frequencies it receives through he senses into the inner world of our perceptions.

An impressive body of evidence suggests that the brain uses holographic principles to perform its operations. Pribram's theory, in fact, has gained increasing support among neurophysiologists.

Argentinian-Italian researcher Hugo Zucarelli recently extended the holographic model into the world of acoustic phenomena. Puzzled by the fact that humans can locate the source of sounds without moving their heads, even if they only possess hearing in one ear, Zucarelli discovered that holographic principles can explain this ability.

Zucarelli has also developed the technology of holophonic sound, a recording technique able to reproduce acoustic situations with an almost uncanny realism.

Pribram's belief that our brains mathematically construct "hard" reality by relying on input from a frequency domain has also received a good deal of experimental support.

It has been found that each of our senses is sensitive to a much broader range of frequencies than was previously suspected.

Researchers have discovered, for instance, that our visual systems are sensitive to sound frequencies, that our sense of smell is in part dependent on what are now called "osmic frequencies", and that even the cells in our bodies are sensitive to a broad range of frequencies. Such findings suggest that it is only in the holographic domain of consciousness that such frequencies are sorted out and divided up into conventional perceptions.

But the most mind-boggling aspect of Pribram's holographic model of the brain is what happens when it is put together with Bohm's theory. For if the concreteness of the world is but a secondary reality and what is "there" is actually a holographic blur of frequencies, and if the brain is also a Hologram and only selects some of the frequencies out of this blur and mathematically transforms them into sensory perceptions, what becomes of objective reality?

Put quite simply, it ceases to exist. As the religions of the East have long upheld, the material world is Maya, an illusion, and although we may think we are physical beings moving through a physical world, this too is an illusion.

We are really "receivers" floating through a kaleidoscopic sea of frequency, and what we extract from this sea and transmogrify into physical reality is but one channel from many extracted out of the superhologram.

This striking new Sample of reality, the synthesis of Bohm and Pribram's views, has come to be called the holographic paradigm, and although many scientists have greeted it with skepticism, it has galvanized others. A small but growing group of researchers believe it may be the most accurate model of reality science has arrived at thus far. More than that, some believe it may solve some mysteries that have never before been explainable by science and even establish the paranormal as a part of nature.

Numerous researchers, including Bohm and Pribram, have noted that many para-psychological phenomena become much more understandable in terms of the holographic paradigm.

In a universe in which individual brains are actually indivisible portions of the greater Hologram and everything is infinitely interconnected, telepathy may merely be the accessing of the holographic level.

It is obviously much easier to understand how information can travel from the mind of individual 'A' to that of individual 'B' at a far distance point and helps to understand a number of unsolved puzzles in psychology. In particular, Grof feels the holographic paradigm offers a model for understanding many of the baffling phenomena experienced by individuals during altered states of consciousness.

 

Creation - Holographic Universe - 2


In the 1950s, while conducting research into the beliefs of LSD as a psychotherapeutic tool, Grof had one female patient who suddenly became convinced she had assumed the identity of a female of a species of prehistoric reptile. During the course of her hallucination, she not only gave a richly detailed description of what it felt like to be encapsuled in such a form, but noted that the portion of the male of the species's anatomy was a patch of colored scales on the side of its head.

What was startling to Grof was that although the woman had no prior knowledge about such things, a conversation with a zoologist later confirmed that in certain species of reptiles colored areas on the head do indeed play an important role as triggers of sexual arousal.

The woman's experience was not unique. During the course of his research, Grof encountered examples of patients regressing and identifying with virtually every species on the evolutionary tree (research findings which helped influence the man-into-ape scene in the movie Altered States). Moreover, he found that such experiences frequently contained obscure zoological details which turned out to be accurate.

Regressions into the animal kingdom were not the only puzzling psychological phenomena Grof encountered. He also had patients who appeared to tap into some sort of collective or racial unconscious. Individuals with little or no education suddenly gave detailed descriptions of Zoroastrian funerary practices and scenes from Hindu mythology. In other categories of experience, individuals gave persuasive accounts of out-of-body journeys, of precognitive glimpses of the future, of regressions into apparent past-life incarnations.

In later research, Grof found the same range of phenomena manifested in therapy sessions which did not involve the use of drugs. Because the common element in such experiences appeared to be the transcending of an individual's consciousness beyond the usual boundaries of ego and/or limitations of space and time, Grof called such manifestations "transpersonal experiences", and in the late '60s he helped found a branch of psychology called "transpersonal psychology" devoted entirely to their study.

Although Grof's newly founded Association of Transpersonal Psychology garnered a rapidly growing group of like-minded professionals and has become a respected branch of psychology, for years neither Grof or any of his colleagues were able to offer a mechanism for explaining the bizarre psychological phenomena they were witnessing. But that has changed with the advent of the holographic paradigm.

As Grof recently noted, if the mind is actually part of a continuum, a labyrinth that is connected not only to every other mind that exists or has existed, but to every atom, organism, and region in the vastness of space and time itself, the fact that it is able to occasionally make forays into the labyrinth and have transpersonal experiences no longer seems so strange.

The holographic prardigm also has implications for so-called hard sciences like biology. Keith Floyd, a psychologist at Virginia Intermont College, has pointed out that if the concreteness of reality is but a holographic illusion, it would no longer be true to say the brain produces consciousness. Rather, it is consciousness that creates the appearance of the brain -- as well as the body and everything else around us we interpret as physical.

Such a turnabout in the way we view biological structures has caused researchers to point out that medicine and our understanding of the healing process could also be transformed by the holographic paradigm. If the apparent physical structure of the body is but a holographic projection of consciousness, it becomes clear that each of us is much more responsible for our health than current medical wisdom allows. What we now view as miraculous remissions of disease may actually be due to changes in consciousness which in turn effect changes in the Hologram of the body.

Similarly, controversial new healing techniques such as visualization may work so well because in the holographic domain of thought images are ultimately as real as "reality".

Even visions and experiences involving "non-ordinary" reality become explainable under the holographic paradigm. In his book "Gifts of Unknown Things," biologist Lyall Watson discribes his encounter with an Indonesian shaman woman who, by performing a ritual dance, was able to make an entire grove of trees instantly vanish into thin air. Watson relates that as he and another astonished onlooker continued to watch the woman, she caused the trees to reappear, then "click" off again and on again several times in succession.

Although current scientific understanding is incapable of explaining such events, experiences like this become more tenable if "hard" reality is only a holographic projection.

Perhaps we agree on what is "there" or "not there" because what we call consensus reality is formulated and ratified at the level of the human unconscious at which all minds are infinitely interconnected.

If this is true, it is the most profound implication of the holographic paradigm of all, for it means that experiences such as Watson's are not commonplace only because we have not programmed our minds with the beliefs that would make them so. In a holographic universe there are no limits to the extent to which we can alter the fabric of reality.

What we perceive as reality is only a canvas waiting for us to draw upon it any Sample we want. Anything is possible, from bending spoons with the power of the mind to the phantasmagoric events experienced by Castaneda during his encounters with the Yaqui brujo don Juan, for magic is our birthright, no more or less miraculous than our ability to compute the reality we want when we are in our dreams.

Indeed, even our most fundamental notions about reality become suspect, for in a holographic universe, as Pribram has pointed out, even random events would have to be seen as based on holographic principles and therefore determined. Synchronicities or meaningful coincidences suddenly makes sense, and everything in reality would have to be seen as a metaphor, for even the most haphazard events would express some underlying symmetry.

Whether Bohm and Pribram's holographic paradigm becomes accepted in science or dies an ignoble death remains to be seen, but it is safe to say that it has already had an influence on the thinking of many scientists. And even if it is found that the holographic model does not provide the best explanation for the instantaneous communications that seem to be passing back and forth between subatomic particles, at the very least, as noted by Basil Hiley, a physicist at Birbeck College in London, Aspect's findings "indicate that we must be prepared to consider radically new views of reality".

 

Creation

By Ellie Crystal

Reality is a projected illusion - or Hologram - created by consciousness thought.

It all begins with a tone and a pulse of light that separates in 12 pyramds around 1 - forming a matrix or grid of sound, light and color. This creates a grid which projects the illusions of realities on difference frequency levels.

The creational Hologram is based on mathematics that repeat in cycles called time. We refer to this as Sacred Geometry - the blueprint of our Hologramm.

The Hologram is not stationary. It is based on spiraling light and thought and is forever in flux.

I believe we were created an an experiment in Linear Time and Emotions - based on electromagnetic polarities that keep our consciousness within the grids of the illusion. We were created to experience within what one could perceive of as an program.

There is a beginning and there will be an abrupt end - the end we sense as an explosion. Yet it is nothing more than the close of the holographic program and the lifting of consciousness from its confines.

Mankind has always pondered the origin of its creation as that is part of our DNA codings to search and quest for a way home.

By its very creation - the Hologram can be explained by physics as we come closer to the truth. Reality and the illusion are all about physics and math.

Many people are of the theory that reality is a hoologram. I am not alone. Neither are you.

 

Holograms

Holograms cannot be counterfeit? Some companies will make counterfeit hologram too if your hologram is not complicated and without high security hologram feature.

Information reference source from Hologram Manufacturer , www.hlhologram.com, www.IHMA.org, www.securityhologram.com

 

 

 

Hologram Labels

Hologram Product

 

hologram labels are very widely demanded as they play a vital role for security in almost all conceivable sectors in the market from OEMs to distributors and retailers. Hologram labels are easy to use and are a very cost effective solution against duplication. These labels when affixed on the desired place provide a direct visual means for the final customer to verify the genuineness of the product. Today, it is seen that that the public universally accepts as proof of authenticity only those products with hologram labels depicting depth, color and movement in an imprint. The hologram is irreplaceable in the current battle against counterfeit merchandise. Many manufacturers supply hologram labels in sheets for manual application and in reels for automatic machine application.

Advantages of Hologram Labels

Hologram labels have certain advantages which are not available in ordinary printed labels. These are as follows:

  • Hologram labels cannot be copied.
  • They cannot be altered.
  • They cannot be adapted or manufactured cheaply from scratch.
  • Hologram labels are also unique as they are able to provide covert (hidden) identity and overt (visual) identity embedded within the same area of the space printed.
  • From a purely branding and impact point of view, hologram labels affixed on any packaged product extends much more shelf-appeal and adds greatly to consumers' perception of quality.

Benefit of Polyester and Acetate Hologram Labels
Polyester hologram labels use a selective release which leaves a pattern of dots as shown below:

Acetate hologram labels are frangible. They will tear when an attempt is made to remove them as shown below:

Uses of Hologram Labels: Hologram labels are used to protect high-value, high-volume products and equipment from the increasing worldwide risk of counterfeit. Accordingly, hologram tamper evident labels are used for:
  • Authentication label for identification
  • Authentication label for collectibles
  • Authentication label for documents
  • Authentication label for packaging etc.

Applications of hologram labels
Hologram labels are used in many products like as follows:
  • Company ID cards
  • Membership cards
  • Artwork
  • Coins
  • Autographed & licensed products
  • Gift certificates
  • Bank checks
  • Product Packaging for brand protection.
  • Parking Passes
  • Driver's license
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Cigarettes and alcohol
  • Clothing
  • Cosmetics etc.

Hologram Label Options
Following are a number of the specific techniques used in making hologram labels:
  • Custom Etching and Overprinting: Custom etching is a powerful way to customize the look of an image. The method of etching or overprinting on customizing images offers great flexibility within a hologram authenticity program. The addition of etching or overprinting results into multiple uses of the same image. For example: you can have multiple departments dates while employing a single hologram image.
  • Tamper Evident: Tamper Evident labels show "evidence of tampering" if removal is attempted. If the tamper evident label is removed, the remaining portions that come off is considered invalid or unusable.
  • Sequential Numbering: Sequential numbering can serve a variety of purposes, like inventory control, product tracking and multiple uses of a single stock hologramm.
  • Special Die Cutting: Hologram labels in rolls can be given different shapes like square or round labels ready for hand application. However, many images can be given varying shapes and sizes for greater level of customization.
Some guidelines to use hologram label
  • The minimum application temperature is +35F to apply labels.
  • The application surface should be clean and dry.
  • After application, the service temperature range of hologram label is -50F to +200F.
  • Polyester hologram labels are suireference for indoor and outdoor applications.
  • If an ID card printer is used to printing ID cards , the hologram label should be applied after the card is printed. If the label is applied before printing, it will affect the printing quality and damage the print head.
  • Hologram labels can also be applied on the finished card after heat sealing.

 

Hologram Stickers

Information reference source from Hologram supplier and www.IHMA.org

Hologram stickers are widely used for various security and branded purpose. Hologram stickers are very popular and more demanded compared to other visual mediums that represent images on a two-dimensional surface because they are able to depict objects that are holographed with an added dimension of depth. Every detail on a hologram or self adhensive hologram stickers from its depth to the textures is produced using coherent light sources like laser beams or electronic beams. Hologram stickers are today used to carry a variety of messages in a wide array of shapes, sizes and forms across a large spectrum of products and objects.


Most self adhensive hologram stickers are self-adhesive tamper-evident security self adhensive hologram stickers providing authentication, security and protection against counterfeit.

Types of Hologram Stickers

  • DOT-MATRIX Holographic Sticker
    In Dot-Matrix Hologramm, there are unlimited computer controlled and laser beam engraved dots. Each dot depicts a separate diffraction grating. They create a beautiful impact of variable images on a single sticker. Dot-matrix Hologram stickers can have lots zooming, moving, flipping effect etc. which add to their popularity.
  • True Color Holographic Sticker
    True Color Holograms are those holograms that are made up of photographic quality artwork. These stickers are highly demanded because they are a very good way to achieve anti-counterfeit performance. This is because they cannot duplicate or copy self adhensive hologram sticker close to original one if they do not get the original photo.
  • Flip-Flop Holographic Sticker
    Flip-Flop hologram has the unique property of displaying two images from two different viewing angle. In other words, when the viewing angle changes left to right (horizontally) or upside and down (vertically), different images emerges through the hologramm. One hologram image will be hidden and another hologram image will display when the view angle is changed.
  • Kinetic movement Sticker
    Like flip flop hologramm, Kinetic movement self adhensive hologram stickers can also be seen from different viewing angle. These self adhensive hologram stickers are made both by 2D/3D and dot-matrix type hologramm.
  • Combination of Holograms
    Combination holograms can be used to make stickers that create an impact that not only has extra-ordinary viewing effects but also security features. Usually, it is recommended to combine 2D/3D and dot-matrix types which can have the advantages of both the sharp kinetic movements of dot-matrix and the depth of 2D/3D holograms into the stickers.
  • 2D/3D Hologram Stickers
    These self adhensive hologram stickers are made up of multiple two dimension layers. The images are visually placed one over the other with visual depth which produce an effect of three-dimensional structure on the stickers. The stickers have very good visual depth between different layers and shininess on the first layer.
  • 2D Hologram Stickers
    These stickers are made up of two dimension images. The images are given various colors and position in one layer. The sicker has one layer on hologram image without visual depth.
  • Micro text or image Sticker
    These self adhensive hologram stickers can be clearly seen by magnifier and difficult to be seen clearly by naked eye.
  • Transparent self adhensive hologram sticker
    These are see through type stickers, pasted onto documents. Then text under hologram image can be seen through transparent holographic sticker

Properties of Hologram Stickers
  • Pressure tamper evident holographic sticker:
    These stickers are damaged when they are removed. The holographic image is easily destroyed under pressure when the sticker is teared off and then the sticker cannot be reused again.
  • Different Color or Thickness of Holographic Sticker:
    Various color options are available like metalized film, silver, gold, blue, green etc. However, the most popular colors are usually silver color or golden metalized color. The stickers are also available in varied thicknesses. The thicker the material, the heavier is the sticker , and hence a little more expensive than the thinner sticker.
  • Hidden Text or Image
    Hidden text or image feature on a self adhensive hologram sticker means an unique encrypted image or text, which is invisible to the naked eye but is detecreference by means of a pocket laser reader.
  • Serial Number Hologram Sticker
    Serial numbers on self adhensive hologram stickers are extra security feature. They improve management of goods and provide anti-counterfeit ability by pasting each self adhensive hologram sticker onto the package of goods.
  • Overprinting Release
    Overprinting released self adhensive hologram stickers leaves a black overpriting word 'VOID' after the sticker is peeled off. It can also be in other colors.

Applications of Hologram Stickers
Hologram stickers are used to enhance brand image & security in various types of industries. Stickers are used as a very attractive and viable option in product packaging and security applications. Hologram stickers find application in industries & sectors as listed below. The list of application of self adhensive hologram stickers is growing day-by-day.
  • Chemicals / Detergents, Fertilizers, Seeds
  • Fine Jewelry / Watches
  • Building Material / Hardware
  • Aircraft/ Automotive & High Technology/Engineering Spares & Machine Parts
  • Sporting goods, Toys, Gifts/novelties
  • Electrical/ Electronic Appliances & Components
  • Recording Media
  • Clothing Hang-tags
  • Branded fashion wear & Accessories
  • Driving Licenses
  • Certificates
  • Confidential Documents & Envelopes
  • Security, Bonds, Fsinancial & Share Certificates
  • Bank Cheques
  • Drafts & Guarantees
  • Loyalty / Vouchers/ Reward /Passes
  • Credit Cards/ Membership/ ID cards
  • Computer Peripherals
  • Stationery Products
  • Automotive Components
  • Passport
  • Excise Revenue Stamps etc.

 

Types f Hologram

Reflectin Hologramm, Transmissin Hologramm, Embssed Holograms, Integral Hologramm, Rainbow Holograms, Computer Generated Holograms, Multiplex Hologramm, Steregram Hologramm, Vlume Holograms, Plane Holograms

 

General Infrmatin

A Basic Idea Abut Hologramm, A Histry f Cmmercial Holograms, Benefits f Hologram

Holography Technlgy, Holography Masters, Manufacturing Prcess f a Hologramm, Applicatins of Hologram

Applications of Hologram

Ever since its commercial usage in the 70's, there is no looking back for holography and hologram products. The demand has only manifolded with each passing year. Holography has found its applications in almost all industrial sectors including commercial & residential applications. There is no doubt about the fact that in few years from now, you will see a new world of holograms in every aspect. The use of holograms is the representation of a new visual language in communication, where we are moving into the age of light as the media of the future. Holography will soon be an integral part of the light age of information and communications.

Security
One of the fastest and the most popular growing area for the use of holograms is the security and product authentication. The presence of holograms indicates the authenticity of these items. They provide a powerful obstacle to counterfeiting. The security holograms have proven to be unsurpassed when added to documents, anti-counterfeiting, tamper-proofing, customizing ticket protection, identification documents including credit and phone cards, drivers licenses etc. The trend that almost all credit cards carry a hologram is a good sign that security holography has proven to be very effective.

Hologram
An example: Since their incorporation on Visa payment card and Master card in the early 1980s, holograms have become one of the most common public security features on branded goods and value documents.

Entertainment
Holograms have also proven effective in the entertainment industry. Various Hollywood movies, specially the science fiction films, have used holographic special effects. Even movie posters are made holographic. Holograms are also used as promotional tools on records and CD covers.

Packaging
An example: Some popular movies using holographic effects are like Star Treks' Holo deck, Star Wars' Princess Laya, Hologram Man and Escape from LA etc.


Packaging (Consumer Goods Brand Protection)
This is one area where holograms have become popular . Hologram packaging includes flexible packaging, board packaging, rigid box, pack packaging etc. The holographic packaging provides eye catching visual impact, authentication, and added value. In reality, all products are subject to counterfeiting. Hence proper holographic packaging on consumer goods serve an important way for brand protection.


An example: Brach & Brock Candy Company projected a three-fold increase in sales using holographic packaging.

Promotional
Holograms are widely used for promotional purpose. The use of hologram completes the packaging, the promotional activities associated with your product and add some attraction towards it. It is widely demanded because it enhances company's image and some shelf appeal also.

An example: You open your favorite magazine and find a 3D image of the new BMW roadster driving right off the page and into your room. This is new age hologramm.

Gifts
Today holographic products have become important gift items for corporates as well as individuals. The holographic gifts serve as important way to enhance brand image. For many, holographic items are rare collectibles which they can treasure for a lifetime.

Point of Purchase Advertising
An example: You walk into a shoe store and see a larger than life-size, complete-color image of the latest Nike shoe hovering before your eyes. It rotates so that you get a proper view from the front and side. That is the power of New Generation Hologramm. It makes things look real.

Tax Stamp
As a security devise, holograms are widely used on tax stamps of many countries. Tax stamps are issued by governments principally on alcohol and tobacco to ensure duty is paid and to distinguish genuine products from fakes. There are two varieties of holographic tax stamp—hologram tax stamp with security paper and only hologram with or without serial no.

Display
Display holography use all types of holograms from decorative foils to display holograms to eye catching stereograms. Display holography is used in point of purchase, corporate display, trade show. They use various holograms , including large format holograms for their dramatic effect.


An example: A hologram was used in Continental Tire's in-store display, which received highest ever dealer response.

Labels & Tapes
Holograms are also used in labels, tapes and stickers. They are provided with a self adhesive backing. They are also provided as hot stamping foil. Label applications include direct mail, promotional products, advertising pieces, and point purchase displays.


An example: Sales increased when Wardley fish food used holographic labels on their products.

Medical Applications
Holographic technique is also used in various medical applications like CAT scans, X-ray, MRI, Ultrasound, opthalmology, endoscopy, otology, orthopedics and many more.


Decoration
Another main application of hologram is in decoration. With its glitter color changing effect, multi-channel visual enhancement, the packaging with hologram foil, holograms are sure to attract the customer and increase the visual value of products inside.


An example: Blanton Whiskey added a hologram to its bottle and this led to an instant and increased sale .

Art and Interactive Graphics
Art and Interactive Graphics is a very special area of holography, comprising is the most exciting area for printing. Holography is an art in itself as it deals with making some kind of visuals. By using holographic effects for the background of over printing lithography, some of the in-store lighting problems of holograms can be overcome. Color printing combined with holography form stunning interactive visual effects.


B2B E-Commerce: Engineering, Architecture & CAD/CAM
You can enhance design visualization by using a New Generation Hologram in computer-generated three-dimensional images, CAD/CAM designs. That is why holograms are widely preferred by professional users, such as architects, engineers, production companies.



Sports Events
Holograms have become a common and a regular feature of the world’s premier sporting events. These are used to protect event tickets, event merchandise, and also accreditation programs.

Professional Photographers
Professional photographers can also use holographic technique as add-ons or alternatives to regular two-dimensional portrait photography products.

Holographic Interferometry
This is also a very important holographic technique for measuring changes in the dimensions of an object. This technique is useful in industrial stress analysis, quality control etc.

IT consumables
Lots of the IT consumables use hologram on its package and opponent for security and logistic.

Optical Devices
Holographic lenses, diffraction gratings are optical devices in which the "object" is a mirror or a lens. They can be used to perform more specialized functions like making the panel instruments of a car visible in the windshield for increased safety.

Benefits of Hologramm, Holograms and holographic products are today widely used in any and every industry to enhance the image of their brands as an genuine and authenticated brand in the market. Since holograms are almost impossible to counterfeit, they are widely used for security applications. They are also used in attractive product packaging, fancy gifts, 3-D art, registration of artifacts, new technology aircraft, automobiles, etc. Because of its applicability in various applications, holograms are widely demanded.

Why should holography be used?
The reasons for using Hologram and holographic products are as follows:

  • Pass Around Value: Since holograms have impressive appearance, it is likely that people will bring them to top notice of colleagues and associates.
  • Impact: It is a known fact that holograms are looked at significantly and longer than other graphic mediums because they are eye-catching. Any name or logo or slogan on the hologram has greater impact and the message is enforced.
  • Security: Holograms are widely used for security purpose. It is not possible to to duplicate holograms and hence they have become an essential part of many government and commercial security programs. Holograms are applied to documents, ID cards, currency, and product labels.
  • Retention: Holograms are certain objects which can be treasured for a long time which is not the case with another object, be it a pen or a calendar or a diary.
  • Commercial Purpose: Commercially, holographic products, comprise a very unique market in themselves. They are sold as retail products in the market . Various products like greeting cards, direct-mail literature, trading cards, collectibles, packaging and displays etc. have holographic images.
  • Promotional Purpose: Holographic products have great promotional effects as they diffract the seven colors of the spectrum when the light falls on them and create an unique three-dimensional image. Once applied to the product, the apparent value of the product is automatically enhanced no matter which way you look at it.
    Benefits or uses of holograms
    Some popular benefits or uses of holograms can be summarized as follows:
  • Holograms combats counterfeiting.
  • They cannot be reproduced.
  • They provide product authentication.
  • They minimizes document tampering
  • Holograms are quick and easy optical validation.
  • They enhance packaging appeal and increase brand sales.


Applications of Holograms
Holograms are used in various products like as follows:
  • Currency
  • Credit Card
  • Legal Document
  • Government Document
  • ID Badge
  • Stock Certificate
  • Passport
  • Prescription Pad
  • Automobile Registration
  • Drivers License
  • Branded Products
  • Collectibles
  • Warranty Seals
  • Apparel
  • Liquor
  • Tickets
  • Gift Certificates
  • Stamps etc.


Computer Generated Holograms
Source from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_Generated_Holography

The computer generated holograms are holograms which give the appearance of binary representation of interferogram. Such holograms are produced with the help of computer and hence the name. Computers are used to scan, design, enhance and create images and patterns for developing 2D and 2D/3D holograms. These images, often cannot exist in the real world. This is a powerful technology suireference for a wide range of display types which includes 2D, auto stereoscopic, stereoscopic, volumetric, and true 3D imaging. Although computer based holograms are currently expensive for many applications, they will become a viable alternative in the near future.

 

How is a computer generated hologram created?
To make a computer generated hologram (CGH), the image of the object is first taken. The background of the image is then removed. Whitespace is added around the object which helps in obtaining higher transmission. There are three basic elements in holography. These are the light source, the image and the hologramm. It is to be noted that if any two of these are known or predetermined, then the third one can be computed. For example, if we have two elements, say a parallel beam of light of certain wavelength and a "double-slit" system or a simple "hologramm", the third element, that is diffraction pattern can easily be calculated. Similarly, if we know the diffraction pattern and the details of the double-slit system, the wavelength of the light can be calculated. This is the basic idea behind the computer generated hologramm-we can dream up any pattern we want to view. In other words, once we decide what wavelength we want to use for observation, we can design the hologram by a computer. This computer generated hologram is growing rapidly.


Uses of computer generated hologramm

  • CGH is used in the making of holographic optical elements (HOE) for various purposes like scanning, focusing & splitting.
  • CGH is used for controlling laser light in many optical devices like a common CD player.
  • Computer generated holograms are usually light weight .
  • CGHs can create wavefronts of arbitrary complexity.


Applications of computer generated hologram
Computer generated holograms are attractive and used in variety of applications to provide three dimensional views of an object. Some of the applications are as follows:
  • Product packaging
  • Packaging films
  • Gift boxes
  • Packaging foils
  • Cartons
  • Promotional labels and stickers
  • Attractive for applications like optical data processing and optical testing. etc.

Counterfeiting Holograms & Preventing It

Soure from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holography Hologram supplier and www.IHMA.org

Holograms have been considered to be an effective way for protecting products and enhancing their authenticity. Holograms are used by almost all companies from the food, automotive and pharmaceutical industries to the manufacturers of spirits, documents, confectionery, audio and video products etc. We consider holograms as uncounterfeireference. However the truth of the matter is that there there are still some ways to counterfeit holograms which are used in security. Commercial hologram designs can be counterfeited.


How to prevent counterfeiting in holograms

Source from Hologram supplier and www.IHMA.org


Though there is no such proof that holograms can be counterfeited, it is always better to believe in the slogan "prevention is better than cure". Some researchers have come up with some effective measures to combat counterfeiting in holograms.

These are as follows:

  • Hidden information or complex images: One method that can prevent counterfeiting is by including hidden information or by making the image so complicated that it is not worth to duplicate it, considering the time and money involved. Hidden information is of great value only if the cheater cannot find it or duplicate it. So, effective use of hidden information or any kind of complex images requires some sort of relatively simple and inexpensive reading device or decoding device.
  • Variable processing parameters: This is one way which is extremely difficult to copy using either one-step or two-step copying. The method is to randomly change the exposure, development time or other processing parameters to produce variable shrinkage all over the hologramm. This results into a hologram whose color varies from point to point. Because a laser is monochromatic, the brightness of a variable-shrinkage hologram changes dramatically with the shrinkage of the film. In fact, if the film is thick enough or the shrinkage is extreme enough, the copy in most of its regions will have no image at all.
  • Variable Information: Holograms are not easy to counterfeit if they include variable information like serial numbers, encoded personal information or dates. It is possible to record variable information on holograms while applying holographic hot stamping foil to a substrate.
  • Special Materials: Another method for complicating the optical copying process is to make the hologram of some special materials which alter the polarization of light or selectively scatter particular wavelengths of light or else the hologram can be over coated or laminated under such materials.
  • Multiply-Connected Holograms: Another effective approach to preventing mechanical copying of holograms is to make the holograms multiply-connected which means that the hologram is composed of dots or else is punched full of holes.
  • Combined Countermeasures: All the methods mentioned above may not be the perfect solutions for preventing counterfeiting. In such cases, combined countermeasures or countermeasures used in combination can be highly effective against all of the counterfeiting methods.


There are many methods for counterfeiting security holograms. Though there is no indication whether these methods have been used by counterfeiters or not in the security field, the advancement of holographic technology and the high level of activity in the field will definitely lead to hologram counterfeiting. In the commercial sector, hologram counterfeiting have been occurring in recent years. Hence importance should be given in this area by adopting various methods to fight against counterfeiting on holograms.

 

Digital Hologram

Source from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_holography

With the coming of high-quality megapixel digital cameras, the creation of digital holograms of real-world objects has become viable today. A hologram is an optical element or an image that can record all information present in a wave front-both amplitude and phase information. In other words, a hologram can reproduce the complete 3D wavefront of a captured image or object . The process of making hologram is known as holography and a sub area of holography is the digital holography. The hologram formed using digital holography is called digital holograms. Digital holograms are used to provide three-dimensional (3D) information of a scene or object. Digital cameras capture images which record the intensity of an optical wavefront. With digital holography, the recording of the intensity and directional information of an optical wavefront is possible, which in turn encode some 3D information about the objects we capture.


Difference between digital holograms and computer generated holograms
The difference between the digital holograms and the CGHs is that in digital holograms, there are a group of digital images synthesized by controlling fractal parameters, which at the same time depict intrinsic relationship and distinction. These holograms reveal the correlation properties between part structure and whole structure, and also between some stages and entire process of scenes.


Process of making digital holograms
Also known as synthetic holography, digital holography, simulates the recording process of optical holography. Depending on the diffraction theory, the wave fronts scattered by objects are synthesized and analyzed by using computers. These objects are numerically specified or by means of mathematical models. During recent years, many interesting results have been achieved in digital holography owing to improvements in computer architecture, computational methods, and electro-optical technology. Digital holograms are a series of computer-generated images in sequential order and these images do not require to record the light distribution of the objects, unlike optical holograms. The research work of digital holograms is mainly inclined towards formation and rendering of images. It is possible to reconstruct the imaginary objects that do not exist physically in digital holography. Digital holograms are initially saved as a file directly and using a computer program they are reconstructed. They are simpler to record and reconstruct, but resolution is much lower than a holographic film.

The content for digital holograms can easily be produced by non-experts, and the printing process is comparatively inexpensive. Usually a three-dimensional graphical scene, a series of digital photographs or a short movie of a real object is enough for producing digital holograms.

An example: A diagrammatic representation of a digital hologram of a car headlight with integrated CAD data.

The above figure shows a digital color white-light reflection hologram of a car headlight. It was formed by taking 360 perspective photographs from different angles. The photographs were multiplexed into different sub-zones. Subsequently, three different partial views (rear, side and front) are observed by moving within the total viewing zone of 110 degree. After calibrating the projector and registering the holographic plane, interactive graphical elements like wire-frame or shaded CAD data can be integrated into the hologramm.

Advantages
Compared to a conventional optical holography, digital holograms have many advantages. These are as follows:

  • Digital holograms have strong anti-disturb property.
  • They are easy to be modified.
  • They are difficult to be imitated.
  • By using the pixel holograph and embossment, hologram films can be fabricated by transforming digital holograms. This can make digital hologram anti-counterfeiting identifiers.
  • Digital holography uses holographic printers, exposing the photosensitive emulsion with computer generated images. This leads to the creation of conventional holograms with digital content rather than real scenery.
  • 2D/ 3D graphics or digital photographs and movies can be printed which helps in the holographic recording of real outdoor scenes, completely synthetic objects, and objects in motion. This is impossible to achieve with optical holography.
  • Digital holograms can be multiplexed.
  • Another basic advantage is that the content for digital holograms can easily be created by non-experts and the printing process is not very expensive compared to conventional holograms.
  • A series of digital photographs or a short movie of a real object is enough for producing digital holograms.

 

Display Hologramm, Display holograms are widely used as a powerful tool wherever an audience needs to be reached. They are popular and used frequently for eye-catching displays at trade fairs or presentations-a truly unique and amazing way to present objects, corporate images, educational materials and many more. This type of hologram is recorded on to a photographic glass or film plate. The photograph of a virtual object reproduces real 3D magic in display hologramm. Display holography is basically a large-scale holography which can play a vital role to get the impact and attention you have been seeking. As it is, we all know that holograms are used for that "extra" effect and look, and display holography enlarges this effect many times over. If you need to grab a anyone's attention then display holography is your all-time solution.

Advantages of display hologramm:The striking three dimensional properties of holograms make them ideal for displays. Display holograms can produce spectacular displays for educational, medical, scientific, artistic and commercial purposes. Holographic displays have one great advantage of avoiding the risk of theft of art objects. The same object can be displayed at several places at the same time, which in turn implies that there is much wider exposure of rare items.

Selection guide: Requirement of a Display Hologram

Source from: http://www.hololight.net/display.html

An ideal display hologram should meet certain requirements, such as follows:

  • White Light Viewable Image: The display holograms should be preferably viewed with a light source which is white. Finite size of the source creates blur in the image. When we talk about a typical white light source, it is the sun. The sun light is equivalent to the case of reconstructing a hologram from a distance or length of one meter using a white light source of 9 mm diameter. The blurred image is around 0.6 mm for an image point at distance of 10 cm from the hologramm. In other light sources, the apparent size of the source can be reduced.
  • Focused Image: When the hologram is viewed by a white light source, the image should appear to be well focused. The image is blurred due to the finite size of the source and its spectral bandwidth. The blurring of the image increases with the increase in the distance of the image point from the hologramm. The average distance of the image from the hologram can be minimized. This is done when the image straddles the hologram plane.
  • Wide Field-of-View: The field-of-view of the hologram should be wide to allow a large parallax. The vertical field-of-view may be restricted but the horizontal field must be large.
  • High Resolution: The display hologram should produce an image with excellent sharpness.
  • Low Image Aberrations: The image of the display hologram must be aberration free and without distortions. The image should not move as the observer moves up or down or sideways in the field.
  • Low Background Noise: Background noise has a drawback of reducing the contrast of the image. The processing chemistry should not introduce scattering noise. Background noise (flare light) is also introduced by Interference between light scattered by different parts of the body.
  • True Color: The display hologram should produce the image with true color. For monochrome object, while a display with only one color gives satisfactory results for many purposes, the addition of false colors can improve the display.
  • Ambience: Another important requirement is that hologram should display the image as acceptably bright-with proper contrast in high ambient light brightness.
  • Hologram Durability: The display hologram medium should be resistant to

Applications of digital holography
The applications of digital holograms can be seen in the following areas:
  • Holographic optical elements (HOEs): Holograms are used as lenses.
  • Holographic interferometry: To detect form deformations.
  • Optical data storage: In the area of security applications.
  • They have a good application prospect in laser holography anti-counterfeiting field.
  • 3D displays
  • Optical data processing.

 

Embossed Holograms

Source reference from: http://www.holokits.com/a-Types_of_Holograms.htm and WWW.IHMA.ORG

etween the reflection and transmission types of holograms, many variations of holograms can be made. One such popular variation is the embossed hologramm. Embossed holograms are the type of holograms used widely in most security applications. They offer an effective method of protection against any forms of manipulation, as they are too difficult to copy due to their complex technical structure. Almost all credit cards and passports have embossed hologramm. One of the most common example of an embossed hologram is the "eagle" in any Visa card. These holograms are easily produced in mass quantity at a very low cost. Embossed holograms have become very popular for various purposes, like advertisement, promotion, security labels, plastic cards etc.

Properties of embossed hologram
Some important properties of embossed hologram are as follows:

  • Embossed holograms have shallow hologram depth. The depth is usually a few millimeters.
  • The cost per unit when mass-produced is very low.
  • Embossed holograms are durable and flexible.
  • One of the peculiar feature of embossed hologram is that mass production can use existing equipment and technology, like in CD production.



Process of making embossed hologramm
Embossed hologram is a kind of white-light transmission hologram which is applied to a reflecting relief surface. This helps in diffracting light. In the first place, a transmission stereogram is printed on a light-sensitive medium. This medium is engraved to form a microscopic relief pattern that is similar to the interference pattern of the holographic image. When developed, the hologram is made up of grooves on the surface. A layer of nickel is coated on this hologram and then peeled off, which results in a metallic "shim." In the same manner, various secondary shims are produced from the first one. The shim is placed on a roller. On account of high temperature and pressure, the shim presses or embosses the hologram onto a roll of composite material. Embossed holography is a technique or a process which mechanically copies holograms for mass production. These embossed holograms diffract incoming white light into rainbow colours and simultaneously reconstruct the holographic image. They are also called rainbow-holograms at times.

Applications of embossed hologram
Embossed holograms are used in a wide variety of applications such as follows:

  • Packaging films
  • Paper
  • Decorative laminate
  • Foils
  • Labels
  • Automatic labeling
  • Screen printing
  • Window patching
  • Security applications specially on visa cards etc.

What are needed to produce embossed holograms?

  • Graphics artwork like for example, company logos, texts, images for 2D/3D-holograms.
  • Three-dimensional objects in scale of 1:1 for 3D-holograms.
  • Specially produced film-sequences and computer-animations for holographic stereograms.

Advantages of embossed hologramm

  • Embossed holograms have a decisive cost advantage for large-volume applications like in credit cards and telephone cards.
  • They can be applied by hot stamping.
  • These holograms are thin enough to be used on thin, flexible items like paper currency and travelers' checks.
  • The greatest advantage of embossed holograms in some applications is the fact that they are more durable than other holograms.
  • The embossed holograms provide the benefit of multiple colors.


Disadvantages of embossed hologramm

  • The production of an embossing master is very time-consuming.
  • The production of embossed hologram is a relatively expensive process.
  • The major disadvantage of embossed hologram is that it lack depth.

 

Future of Holography Technology

"You'll be walking around in downtown London and be able to see the shops, the stores, see what the traffic is like. Walk in a shop and navigate the merchandise, not in the flat, 2D interface that we have on the web today, but in a virtual reality walk through." - Bill Gates, 2005

Introduction

Source from: http://www.pauladawson.com.au/holo.html


The word hologram is derived from the Greek words "holos" meaning whole and "gamma" meaning message-in other words, holograms depict whole message. Holograms appear to contain a three-dimensional image under proper illumination. They cannot be copied by ordinary means and hence are widely used to prevent counterfeiting of documents such as credit cards, driver's licenses, admission tickets and many other products.

Current applications of holographic technology
Today, the most popular use of holograms is in consumer products and advertising materials. Holograms are also important in various other areas of scientific research, medicine, commerce and industry. We below a list of current holographic applications in various fields:

  • Holograms are used in consumer packaging of products and advertisement to attract potential buyers.
  • Holograms are used on magazine/book cover. For example: One of the most memorable Sports Illustrated covers till date was the December 23, 1992 issue featuring Michael Jordan.
  • Holograms are also used on sports trading cards.
  • Hologram usage on credit cards, debit cards, I-cards, license etc. provide added security to minimize counterfeiting.
  • Holography is also used to make archival recordings of valuable and fragile museum artifacts.
  • Researchers and industry designers use holographic interferometry to test and design many things like tires, engines to prosthetic limbs and artificial bones and joints.
  • Holographic lens system to read bar codes is widely seen in supermarket and department store scanners.
  • Holographic optical elements (HOE's) are used while navigating by airplane pilots. In some military aircraft, pilots while looking through the windshield can read their instruments by using a holographic display projected in front of their eyes. This feature is available on some models of automobiles as well and this is depicted below.
  • Holographic technology is used in medical science in the form of MRI, CAT scan, X-ray, endoscopy, opthalmology etc.
  • A well known company like Sony Electronics uses holographic technology in their digital cameras.
  • Holograms have also been used by artists to create pulsed holographic portraits and other works of art and many more.


Future applications of holographic technology

Soure from: www. technology review.com/articles/freedman1102.asp and en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Holography

There are certain areas which have not received full exposure so far as the applications of holograms are concerned. These areas are still under study and sooner or later holograms will be seen full fledged in these areas also. Some examples of future applications of holograms are as follows:

  • Future color liquid crystal displays (LCD's) are expected to be more brighter and whiter due to holographic technology.
  • In few years, there will be commercial availability of holographic night vision goggles.
  • Many researchers/scientists are of opinion that holographic televisions will be manufactured on a mass scale within a few years at a cost of approximately $5000. Holographic motion picture technology had already been attempted and was also successful in the 1970s. The future of holographic motion pictures may soon become a reality in a few years.
  • Holography also has an unique storage capacity. Holographic memory can store 1 terabyte (= 1000 GB) of data in a crystal which is more or less the size of a sugar cube. Comparatively, current methods of storage include DVD's that store 4.7 GB, CD's that hold 650 to 700 MB, and computer hard drives that hold up to 120 GB. As such, we can see holograms in the future revolutionize storage capacities.
  • Optical or holographic computers in future will be capable of delivering trillions of bits of information faster than the latest computers.
  • The present holographic security methods usually use mass-produced, identical embossed holograms. In future, an holographic ID card or security label will not be mass produced. Instead, each hologram on such cards will be unique, bearing a unique encrypted "signature" whose validity can be only be checked electronically. This advance will however require many significant advances in holographic technology.
  • Using holograms in museums with animated multimedia content allows exhibitors communicate information about the artifact with more effectiveness and excitement than that offered by text labels. In future, as wall-mounted variations require little space, museums can display a larger number of artifacts. The figure below shows two illustrations of future applications envisioned for hologramm. The first one is a wall-mounted display in a museum environment while the other is a desktop display that can be used in a light-box fashion.

    These are just a few instances of future applications of hologramm. As already mentioned, there are various areas where holograms are used , going by their importance as security enhancement, anti-counterfeiting, commercial, advertising, and promotion. Holograms have been useful anti-counterfeit devices used on everything from passports to food, and from currency to cosmetics, from credit cards to badges . There are more areas to venture into and some areas need to develop more. The spread and advancement of hologram technology will definitely reduce the value of ordinary embossed holograms as anti-counterfeit devices. On the other hand, various modern, scientific technological advances foreseen in recording materials, embossing substrate materials, hologram recording systems etc. will greatly increase the security value of holograms within few years. The ultimate goal is to create hologram as a powerful tool for science, industry, advertisement, security, education etc. The future of holograms will be a 3D display concept whose application is envisioned in almost all areas like Industrial simulation (design, manufacturing, quality assurance) u Scientific visualization (pathology, paleontology, density, biomedicine, medicine, orthopedics or archeology).Education (medical training or public museums) and so on.

A Basic Idea About Hologram

Source From: www.holographer.com/history1.htm

Holograms are frequently used for security purposes. A Hologram is a type of photographic image having three-dimensional effect and appears to have depth. According to science, whenever an object is viewed, the human eyes each receive a distinct image. This image is received from slightly offset reference points and it is the human brain which combines the image into a three-dimensional one. The same effect is produced artificially by a hologramm. A hologram is produced using the technique of holography, which can also be used to optically store, process and retrieve information. In short and simple terms, hologram is three-dimensional laser photography, containing depth and parallax, which mean the ability to see around the object.


How is a hologram created?

From: http://www.answers.com/topic/hologramm


The process of creating a hologram is known as holography. In other words, holography is a form of photography-an advanced form-that allows an image to be recorded in three dimensions. Holographic process creates an image made up of two superimposed 2-dimensional images of the same object as seen from different reference points. Lasers are used in holography as it requires the use of light of a single exact wavelength. There are two laser beams and a photographic plate used to take an image of any object. In the process, the laser beams go through beam spreaders and like a flashlight the spreaders spread the laser light out . One beam illuminates the object from the side called the side beam while the other beam travels through the photographic plate. It hits the object head-on which is somewhat similar to the way in which a conventional camera takes a 2-D image. The second beam is known as reference beam and the reflecting light from this beam leaves an image on the photographic plate and at the same time the side beam also creates an image by its light.


The result is thus a photographic plate creating two images simultaneously. The image thus formed is a hologramm. The hologram is made up of the interference pattern between the two original images and hence it is a three-dimensional image.


Difference between photography and holography
The only thing common between photography and holography is that they make use of photographic film. The difference between holography and photography is the information recorded and the way the image is produced. While a photograph contains only a single view point of an object, which is produced by a camera lens using a simple geometric or ray model for the behavior of light, the holographic image cannot be produced by a single ray model. The image is produced by diffraction and interference through wave phenomena. This difference in the mode of process makes a photograph two dimensional (2-D) image while a hologram three dimensional (3-D) images.


Characteristics of a hologramm


Holograms have certain unique characteristics. These are given below:

  • Hologram Aberrations: One of the basic characteristics of holograms is that they suffer from aberrations which are caused by a change in the wavelength from construction to reconstruction. This is also caused by a difference in the reference and reconstruction beams. There are two types of aberrations-chromatic and non-chromatic-which are important even when there is a small difference between the reference and reconstruction geometry. One simple way to eliminate all the aberrations simultaneously is to copy exactly one construction beam in the reconstruction process.
  • Orthoscopic and Pseudoscopic Images: A hologram produces two images, one which is real and the other a virtual image which is an exact replica of the object. However, to the appearance of the observer, the two images differ in appearance. The virtual image has the same appearance of depth and the parallax and produced at the same position as the original object. It appears that the observer is viewing the original object through a window defined by the size of the hologramm. This virtual image is known as orthoscopic image. The real image is also formed in front of the hologram at the same time and at the same distance from the hologramm. This real image is called pseudoscopic image where the scene depth is inverted.
  • Off-axis Holography: It is possible to separate the twin images. This was demonstrated in a technique developed by two scientist Leith and Upatnieks in 1962. In this technique, during the recording process, a separate coherent reference wave falls on the hologram plate at an offset angle to the beam from the object. This technique is called an off-axis holography generating real and virtual images angularly separated from each other and also from the direct beam.
  • Some other characteristics
    • It is possible to reconstruct the hologram of a diffuse object by a small portion of the hologramm. In other words, if a hologram breaks into pieces, the entire image can be produced by each piece. However, as the size of the hologram reduces, a loss of image perspective, brightness and resolution result in the constructed image.
    • Another characteristic of hologram is that a contact print of a hologram will reconstruct a positive image which is not distinguishable from the image produced by the original.
    • A cylindrical hologram makes a 360 degree view of the object.
    • Without any cross-talk, more than one independent scenes can be stored in the same photographic plate and these can be viewed one at a time.



Applications of holograms

From:http://silver.neep.wisc.edu/~lakes/hoAppl.html and en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Holography and en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Holography and http://www.optics.arizona.edu/jcwyant/Short_Courses/SPIE-7-30-2000/Session%207.pdf and http://www.holoworld.com/holo/links.html


Holography has today emerged as an important tool in science and technology. It is a well used method to produce pictures and represents one of the most prominent examples of recombining of scattered radiation to produce pictures. This process of producing holograms is now spreading from the research laboratory to various industries, and holograms find wider employment in communication and other engineering problems. A hologram is not only a three-dimensional image but also can store numerous quantities of information. In the computer technology, holograms can be used to store memories which are much larger and faster. Hologram has today become a very well known concept in credit cards, tickets or original covers on software computer programs or any objects to prevent falsification. An important area of application of hologram is bar-code readers in shops, warehouses, libraries etc. A code reader is based on the use of holographic components like optical gratings. Some other examples of the use of holographic technology is in the aircraft industry's head-up displays (HUD) or for making holographic optical elements (HOE) and so on. All these have contributed to make holography an industrial success.

Information from IHMA

Glossary

Get to know a list of certain terms associated with hologram and holographic technique:
Animated holograms: They are made by using time-lapse photography. The object moves between exposures. The object appears to move as the viewpoint changes when the hologram is made from these photos. They are made up of hundreds of image channels
Beamsplitter: This is a device which divides the light from a laser into two separate beams-the reference beam and the object beam.
Channels: They are images in a hologram which change instantly from one to another as the viewer passes by. These images can also fade or overlap as they change.
Coherent light: A coherent light is made from laser and this light is of the same frequency and vibrates in phase.
Computer generated hologramm: This is a hologram made from a three-dimensional computer model.
2D/3D Hologramm: The hologram is made of multiple 2D layers with hologram images placed one behind another with visual depth that creates an effect of three-dimensional hologram structure.
Diffraction: Bending of light as it passes through very small openings.
Dennis Gabor: He is a physicist from Hungary who discovered the holographic technique and was awarded the nobel prize in 1971.
DOT-MATRIX Hologramm: Dot-Matrix Hologram create a beautiful impact of variable images allowing unlimited computer controlled and laser beam engraved dots in hologramm.
Embossed holograms: They are made by a manufacturing process which uses a metal replica of a master hologramm.
Film: Film consists of light sensitive chemicals or the emulsion spread on a surface.
Flip-Flop Holograms: They can display two images from different viewing angle.
Full color: They represent the natural subject colors as in color photography.
Hologramm: A hologram is a record of an image as seen from many viewpoints, giving a three-dimensional effect.
Holography: The process of making hologram is known as holography.
HOE's: These are Holographic Optical Elements, which are actually produced to perform the function of traditional optics, like mirrors and lenses.
Interference pattern: A hologram is formed when two waves overlap. This results in an interference pattern which records the relative phase relationship between the two waves.
Master hologramm: The first hologram that is formed and viewable only by laser light, and combined with other masters for the final hologram transfer.
Multiplex holograms: They are stereoscopic holograms made by taking an array of photos with the camera tracking past a subject.
Object beam: The light from a laser beam that illuminated the object and is reflected to the holographic film.
Rainbow holograms: They are transmission holograms where the object appears to change color as the viewpoint moves vertically.
Reference beam: The portion of a laser beam that goes directly to the holographic film.
Reflection hologramm: Reflection holograms are viewed with the light source on the same side of the viewer. The light is reflected off the hologramm.
Stereogram: This is an alternative to the original hologram process. Here the subject is imaged directly onto the film with a laser exposure.
Tamper evident: Instant recognition of tampering.
Transmission hologramm: Transmission holograms are lit from behind or viewed with the light source on the opposite side of the hologram from the viewer. Here the light transmits through the hologramm.
Transfer holograms: These holograms are made using a holographic image from a "master" hologram as the object of a second hologramm.
True Color Hologramm: True Color Hologram is made up of photographic quality art-work, in which counterfeiters can't duplicate hologram close to original one.
Volume Hologramm: The angle difference between the object beam and reference beam is equal to or greater than 90 degrees.
White light: White light is incoherent and contains most of the wavelengths in the visible spectrum, like light from the sun or from a spotlight.

A History of Commercial holograms

The following reference gives you an idea about chronological invention of different holograms and their usage in various applications. This reference is provided by IHMA, the International Hologram Manufacturers Associations.



Hologram Badge

Hologram badges are popular visitor badges, featuring security holograms and are used in various organizations and companies. Most visitor hologram badges have the feature of "time badge" technology which automatically voids the temporary hologram badge after one day. There are other hologram badges, displaying various holographic images. There are some badges used to identify a company's name with the company logo on it. There are some holographic badges affixed on T-shirts, worn not for security purpose but for fashion purpose-preferred by youngsters. The star-trek or super human hologram badges are widely demanded among young children. Hologram badges are also an integral part of school uniform or sports wear depicting your country's name or your school name in a holographic format. Hologram badges are thus highly popular.

Features of hologram badges

Scourec From: www.hologramm.name

  • Made of paper or plastic or polyester.
  • The size is usually of the size of a credit card or slightly larger.
  • For security purposes or identity purpose, the badge is usually rectangular in shape. There are other shapes as well. For various star trek hologram badges, they can be of any shapes.
  • The security features in hologram badges reduce the risk of unauthorized badge reuse.
  • Hologram badges eliminates the need to collect used visitor badges.
  • The hologram badge has an adhesive backing which helps it to affix directly to fabric.
  • In some badges, there is a clip or a pin to fasten the badge to the fabric, so as to not to destroy the fabric.
  • With time technology feature in most hologram badges used for security purposes, the color of the badge changes, thereby implying that the badge is of no use.
  • The name on the hologram badge is printed with ink or felt tip pen on the top ply. The names can be thermal printed for high volume applications.

 

Hologram Card

Information Refferece Source From www.securityhologram.com

Hologram cards in the form of hologram ID cards or employee badges and any other cards subject to tampering or forgery are very popular. Any card made of plastic or paper can be made holographic. Holographic overlays are specifically designed to upgrade and improve security and authenticity of your existing plastic or paper ID cards. Hologram image overlays prevent photocopying and forgeries and allows a clear view of ID card information. Hologram cards provide higher visual security and authenticity. Besides security, holographic cards are usually dazzling and eye catching display. There are various designs and colors, shapes- some opaque, some oval or wavy or some in translucent format to give a greater appearance of depth.


Properties of hologram ID cards
  • Peel and stick transparent labels are affixed after the ID card is printed.. The size of the hologram overlay is slightly smaller than a standard ID card. Pressure sensitive Self adhesive label.Transparent The hologram overlays are strong.They can be applied to new cards or existing cards.

Hologram overlays on ID cards Information Refferece Source From www.securityhologram.com
  • Transparent Hologram ID Card Overlay: This type of hologram ID card applies a transparent hologram film overlay on a digitally printed ID card. This not only protects the inks in the card from excessive abrasion and wear but also the card life and enhance the security of your ID cards. The holographic overlay helps in preventing alterations to the card information and resists copying or duplicating the ID card.
  • Custom Holographic Origination Overlay: Another type is an overlay that is as per customer's specification. An hologram overlay with your company name/logo offers the most security for your ID cards.

Types of Master Origination of Hologram Card Lamination Information Refferece Source From www.hlhologram.com
The lamination done on hologram ID cards are as follows:
  • DOT-MATRIX Hologram
  • 2D/3D Hologram
  • Flip-Flop Hologram
  • Kinetic movement in hologram

Important factors to consider before making hologram cards
For any photo ID application, the first step is always to get the initial card design right. Once the card layer and usage is determined, the next thing is to consider physical protection and the prevention of counterfeiting. For card security and protection, various questions need to be answered:

  • How will the card be carried ?
  • How will the card be used ?
  • Will the card suffer wear through after it is being physically "swiped" through a reader?
  • What level of security protection is required?

Applications of hologram cards Hologram cards are found in the following:
  • Hologram ID card
  • Hologram credit card
  • Hologram Drivers license
  • Hologram National ID card
  • Hologram Voter Registration card
  • Hologram Gun license card
  • Hologram Proof-of-Age card
  • Hologram Employee ID card etc.

The above cards are all examples of real world ID card applications and they must be completely protected against forgery.
Hologram Copyright Guidelines
In 1994, the International Hologram Manufacturers Association (IHMA) published its Hologram Copyright Guidelines. The basic reason for providing these guidelines is to cover the common situations in the production of commercial hologram where the question of copyright ownership will arise:
  • Custom made holograms for a customer to use in relation to the customer's trade or business, such as for promotion or product security.
  • Holograms manufactured to be sold, either by the manufacturer, the creator or a separate publisher.

Hologram manufacturers should incorporate the recommendations or guidelines on copyright and the assignment of copyright into their agreements or standard contracts with suppliers and customers.

Refference Information from www.hlhologram.com and www.IHMA.org
Guidelines
The Berne Convention, International copyright and holograms
The Berne Convention is an international agreement subscribed to by over 90 countries. It sets out minimum requirements on copyright law. There is no specific law controlling the copyright of holograms. They are treated as copyrighreference in so far as they are the result of one or more original creative works. There are few jurisdictions to address the identification of a hologram and the copyright on it. For example, the United Kingdom Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 is drafted to include holograms in the same category as photographs and/or films. That means, according to Berne convention, a hologram should be copyrighreference in the same manner as a photograph.

Moral rights
Moral rights in copyright works had started in Continental Europe since the 19th Century. Moral rights belong to the individual author or creator of the copyright work and are recognized as totally independent of the copyright itself. Thus, when an employee creates an original work (here a hologramm) in the course of his employment, the copyright will belong to the employer, but the moral rights will vest in the individual employee. Four rights have received general acceptance as moral rights . They are as follows:
  • The right of paternity: This is the right of an author/manufacturer to attribution of his authorship/manufacturing.
  • The right of integrity: The right of an author/manufacturer to prevent modifications to his work/product.
  • The disclosure right: The right of an author to withhold his work from publication/to withhold his hologram product from sale.
  • The non-attribution right: The right of a person not to have attributed to his authorship a work of which he was not the author or the manufacturer.
Moral rights were incorporated in Berne convention in 1928 which lays out the following features, which can be followed by all countries.
  • These rights are independent of economic rights.
  • Moral rights continue to exist after the author/creator has transferred his economic rights.
  • These rights are to be maintained at least until the expiry of economic rights.
  • The manner in which the rights are protected is determined by national law which is not, necessarily, a copyright law.

The IHMA Guidelines/Recommendations
The IHMA recommendations on hologram copyrights are given below:
Custom-made holograms
If a hologram is used by a customer the question of whether the copyright is owned by the hologram manufacture or the customer arises. The same question applies to the artwork and the tools and machines that are used to create the hologramm, some of which may be supplied to the hologram manufacturer/originator and some by the customer himself. It is to be noted that a hologram is unusual even if two holograms are made from the same artwork and they could be very different in terms of color, depth, image placement in relation to the image plane and other factors. Thus there will indeed be copyright in the hologram even though it reproduces a customer's trademark.

Information from www.hlhologram.com and www.IHMA.org

There are many components in the image of a hologram custom-designed for commercial use. In such a case, there is every chance of having separate copyright in each of these components, which are :
  • The customer's artwork or design, consisting of a registered trademark, logo, product, design or brand name.
  • The artwork from which the hologram is mastered, consisting of 2D artwork, video, cine film, slides, a model, a computer sequence or a combination of any or all of these.
  • If the hologram is a composite of different pieces of artwork the final composite artwork may exist as a separate entity.
  • Copyright on the laser-exposed hologram master or the masters from which the sub-master is exposed in the case of a multiple image or multiple channel hologramm.
  • The transfer hologram from which production masters or shims are made.
  • The re-combined images on a production master or shim.
  • The finished or complete hologramm.

Arrangements of contractual copyright
When a hologram is made exclusively for a customer there are three alternative recommendations as given by IHMA:
  • Assigning copyright: The customer or the client is assigned all rights in the hologram and all artwork stages involved in its creation.
  • Retaining copyright: The hologram originator or the manufacturer retains copyright in the hologram and all artwork stages involved in its creation.
  • Splitting copyright: The hologram manufacturer retains copyright in the hologram but assigns copyright in the artwork made for the hologram to the customer.

Holograms for publication
If a hologram is manufactured to be published as a hologram for sale, the copyright is given to creator/manufacturer who made the first hologram from which the published edition is produced.
Manufacturer-published holograms
The copyright in a hologram made and published by the same company lies with the creator of the hologramm. The creator can be an in-house creator or an independent artist/designer or an outside contractor.

Hologram Glasses

Hologram glasses are actually an improved version of 3D Glasses which have multiple purposes. The glasses as we know help in surrounding every point of bright light with amazing images suspended in the air.

Hologram glasses, just like sunglasses in common parlance, give an immersed three-dimensional visual environment. The experience is quite different & superior when compared to conventional virtual reality glasses. The sickening flicker which one has to face is restricted to the minimum in hologram glasses.

Hologram glasses have lenses are available in variety of special images. The more the simple image, the crisper and brighter are the effects.

Fabrication of Digital Hologram
Holographic glasses have digital computer generated hologram lenses, as found in diffractive optical elements. Hologram glasses generally have the ability to generate diffractive optical elements in the form of binary amplitude and binary phase.
  • Binary amplitude in hologram glasses have clear and opaque regions. Thus, these digitally computed regions help diffract the light as per the desired pattern. They have gray tints.
  • Binary phase holograms help in creating clear & brighter holographic images. When the blur in the background scene increases, then it leads to increment in image brightness.

How Do Hologram (3D) Glasses Work?
Hologram glasses have 3D features. How does a 3D functions is quite an interesting point which needs proper explanation. The three dimensional effect is produced when a still picture with a red composite image in its right component is superposed on the left component having a contrasting color. The effect takes place when they are viewed through glasses with corresponding colored filters. The brain helps the eyes which are about two inches apart to correlate the picture which are otherwise from slightly different angles. This helps in measuring the distance, known as the binocular vision - View Masters.

Holographic glasses with 3D effect make 3D films worth watching, thus, eliminating blurriness & fuzziness completely. These colored filters help separate the different colored images (as red and cyan, blue or green) being projected from different angles simultaneously. Instantly, the images enter one eye at a time which are later projected as one by the brain.


Advantages of Hologram Glasses
Hologram glasses no doubt have their own set of advantages which is the reason why they are widely used for their multipurpose.
  • There is no difference between real & virtual when viewed through holographic 3D glasses. Fantasy world becomes real when seen through a hologram glasses
  • The glasses help the eyes to correlate the two different images as one, thus, making it easier to grasp the essence.
  • Allows color viewing.
  • Technology used in 3D or stereoscopic movies is quite simple.
  • Recreates the users with their amazing plus points.


Hologram Mousepad
Hologram mouse pads are a very popular category of mouse pad used for promotional purpose. Mousepads of various types and materials are available in the market today. Lenticular and holographic mouse pads have seen a rising demand today because they serve both the purpose of fashion and functional. They provide that eye-popping promotion that will never be forgotten by any customer. Compared to a normal leather or a rubber mouse pad with graphic, there is no doubt about the fact that a holographic mouse pad will definitely catches everyone's attention. Holographic mouse pads are ideal to make your clients mesmerized as any message or image comes to life through holographic processes increasing the impact of your promotional message.

Materials used
Usually, holographic mouse pads are created using a thick polycarbonate clear plastic top or a polyester surface applied to a dense rubber base. The hologram image is then imprinted on the top. Your image is printed using the holographic process. The image is then layered between a base material and the protective plastic surface creating a mousepad of durability and style.


Properties of holographic mouse pads
Certain unique features of holographic mouse pads are as follows:
  • Hologram mouse pads can have 3D effect which means that the image seen will have depth and parallax.
  • The mousepads give the illusion of seeing multiple layers of depth.
  • Hologram mouse pads can also have flip-flop effect which means that two-three images can appear one at a time.
  • There are certain holographic mousepads which shows movement.
  • The morphed hologram mouse pads also display changes of images.
  • The hologram image glistens through the center of the pad.
  • The mousepads can be custom imprinted.
  • Incredible print and graphic quality and clarity.
  • Available in all sizes and shapes.

Uses of hologramm/lenticular mouse pads source from http://www.asia.ru/ProductInfo/764773.html and http://www.bestbuymousepads.com/mousepads/Holographic_Mousepads/holographic_mousepads.html and http://www.tradeeasy.com/supplier/86940/products/p902593/3d-lenticular-mouse-pad.html
  • Holographic mouse pads make great 3d, lenticular, animation, motion, and morphing mouse pads.
  • Holographic mouse pads are a vital promotional product addition to your advertising campaign.
  • They are essential gift items to use for employee perks.
  • They are used for new customer acquisition.
  • Holographic mousepads with company logo and name helps in brand recognition and brand loyalty.
  • Hologram mouse pads promote multiple messages in the same space.
  • They can grab attention with changing images or motion.
  • They help in drawing viewers into your message with realistic 3-D effect.
  • Mouse pads are used for various purposes such as follows:
    • Photograph frame
    • Tea coasters
    • Website promotion tools
    • Counter mat
    • Advertising tools
    • Corporate peripheral
    • Gift item
    • Calendar



Hologram Poster
Hologram posters are not popular as promotional holograms. Hologram poster gives an amazing 3-D experience. These posters can be used for decorative purposes at home, as display boards for advertising and marketing, as banners to give your product or packaging an extra edge over others. Holographic posters can complete the promotional activities associated with your product or just to add some attraction towards it. The holographic posters are also used as movie posters.

Basic feature of hologram poster
The basic feature of a hologram poster is that there is a 3D image which changes its view from different angles. Unlike other 3-D posters, hologram posters provide what is called "parallax". This allows the viewer to move up and down, back and forth, and see different perspectives and make the object look like a real one.

Materials used Paper and Plastic
Process of making hologram posters Hologram posters gives a perspective of 3-dimensional with the illusion of movement. Hologram posters look incredible in almost any kind of light. Holography process allows the recording and playback of true, 3-dimensional images. This process takes images of the same object from different angles and create a image with depth. This image is then printed onto the paper and the image is laminated. There is the look of something real in these posters, creating the illusion of motion.

The next generation movie poster According to a recent published article, a particular company has come up with future of film one sheets or what is referred as "the next-generation movie poster". This poster has embed three dimensional holograms, the movements of which loop over a set period of time. The time is usually in seconds. In other words, this particular poster display an image with movement. The same technology can also be used to present short clips on posters.


Uses and applications of hologram posters
  • Hologram posters enhance company's image and some shelf appeal.
  • The hologram poster can be customized with any 3D image representing company's logo or name.
  • Hologram posters are part of promotion for product.
  • They are ideal as as gift items.
  • They can be used as decorative poster to enhance the look of your room.
  • In large display board or banners, hologram posters highlight or focus something, to attract attention of users or consumers.
  • These poster are widely used to display movie posters. Many Hollywood movies like "The Terminator", "The Lord of the Rings" etc. have advertised their movies through hologram posters.

Hologram Pouch Source from Hologram Pouch

Hologram pouches are available in infinite designs with fascinating visual effects. Holographic pouch is a combination of flexible printing technology and hologram technology. The general polyester film is substituted by holographic film. Hologram pouches are laminated covers used in I-cards, license, badges, book marks, hand tags etc. Hologram pouches offer you a high level of protection for ID cards and badges. The card is inserted between the two layers of the pouch, thereby providing durability. These pouches have customized designed holographic images which change color, intensity and perspective with the change in the viewing angle. Holographic pouch are available in a plethora of full color combinations, which makes them attractive.

Hologram Pouch

Basic property of hologram pouch
Highest level of optical security features combined with printing technology creates a highly secured pouch, besides enhancing its aesthetic looks.

Process for laminating
  • Step 1 : Place the insert in the pouch.
  • Step 2 : Place the pouch in a carrier, say a normal business envelope or folded paper. The carrier absorbs excess adhesive which might be squeezed out during laminating. If there is no carrier, excess adhesive will accumulate on the laminator rollers. This will later require dismantling the laminator to clean the rollers.
  • Step 3 : Feed the carrier through the laminator. Allow the laminator to get to the normal temperature before laminating. Initially start with a low temperature and gradually increase the temperature until the pouch adhesive is clear after laminating.


Laminating temperature
The laminating temperature depends upon the laminate thickness. A list of ideal temperature range is given below:

Uses of hologram pouches
  • Pouches are used to laminate ID cards or licenses or tags which are printed on paper (natural and synthetic).
  • The heat-sealed lamination of hologram pouches provides durability.
  • Thicker lamination creates a more durable pouch.
  • The heat-seal adhesive property of the pouch provides some tamper-evidence.
  • Attempts to remove the lamination usually leads to tearing of the paper ID card.
  • Hologram pouches offer protection against attempts at alteration and tampering made using common materials and printing processes.
  • hese pouches offer your ID cards, badges and driver licenses an effective combination of security and attractive appearance.
  • They provide high brightness and perfect transparency.
  • Full coverage protects everywhere

Hologram Equipment

Infomation reference source from http://holoprinters.com/

Hologram printer when defined is actually a hardware that records the image sequence mechanically onto the master hologramm. It holographs the optical image on the LCD which is then 'printed' on the film.

With technological upgradations, supreme quality holographic printers are now available in the markets with high resolution & full color capacity to print a three-dimensional picture.

How does a Hologram Equipment works?
Hologram printers make use of holographic technology for creating a lucid three-dimensional images. This is used in hard-copy publications or electronic documents. The very technique of these printers depend on the holographic engineering, i.e. the light order is produced by the meddling of two crossing beams which are :

  • The "signal" (or "object") ray. It retrieves recorded material from the optical storage media.
  • The "reference" shaft.

Together they form the amazing three-dimensional picture which ultimately is known as a "Hologramm." The hologram printers are comparatively expensive & complex than the two dimensional color printers. Each object on LCD can be transformed into a hologram & the hologram printer helps in imparting a new look to them. The step motor of the printer helps the film plate move towards the right position which gets fixed later on. Thereon, the particular object from the LCD is exposed on it, & thus, we are able to see the same picture from varied new angles.

Security Hologram is self-adhesive and die-cutted label, often frangible to be tamper-evidence.

Holographic stickers are mainly 2D/3D with depth & dot-matrix with kinetic effect. Hologram sticker is widely applied onto document, pack or product, for authentication, brand protection and promotion.

A. Stock Holograms                                                                                                          Go Home

The holograms below in general designs as ORIGINAL, AUTHENTIC, SECURE, can be made in different color base material. These photoes are holograms labels made of silver color tamper evidnt base material. To increase security, it's good to make pressure sensitive tamper evident (temper-proof) self-adhesive holograms with pattern released feature material which will leave word as 'VOID', 'ORIGINAL' when peeled off. It's also great to make sequential numbers(transparent or black) on these holograms. These holograms are available to be cutted into smaller size. You can choose below holograms without paying hologram master origination charge freely.

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*25mmmm, Dot-matrix type hologramm.

ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm size in dia, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SECURE, GENUINE

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*15mm, Rectangle, 2D/3D + Dot-matrix type hologramm.

SECURETY, 4 Flips

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 18mm*18mm, Square, 2D/3D type hologramm.

GENUINE AUTHENTIC PRODUCT, ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm size in dia, 2D/3D type hologramm.

VALIDATED

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*15mm, Ractangle, 2D/3D type hologramm.

ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm in dia, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SECURITY, AUTHENTIC, GENUINE, VALID

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm*10mm, Rctangle, 2D/3D type hologramm.

PROTECTED, ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 30mm*15mmmm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

PROTECTED, VALID

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 30mm*10mm, Rectangle, 2D/3D type hologramm.

WARRANTY VOID IF REMOVED, SECURE

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*25mm, Square, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SECURE

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 15mm in dia, Dot-matrix type hologramm.

WARRANTY

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*15mm, Rectangle, 2D/3D type hologramm.

AUTHENTIC

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*15mm, Rectangle, 2D/3D type hologramm.

AUTHENTIC, GENUINE PRODUCT

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 18mm*18mm, Square, 2D/3D type hologramm.

ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*15mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

Don't Copy(No Copy)

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*15mm, Dot-matrix type hologramm.

Q.C., Kinetic Guilloche Line

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 18mm in dia, 2D/3D type hologramm.

Tamper Evident

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*25mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

ORIGINAL, Two kind of hidden text + flash light dot

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 10mm*10mm, Dot-matrix type hologramm.

ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 30mm*10mm, Dot-matrix type hologramm.

WARRANTY, ORIGINAL

Download video of WARRANTY ORIGINAL hologramm.

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 14mm*14mm, Dot-matrix type hologramm.

ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 15mm*15mm, Dot-matrix type hologramm.

PASS, ORIGINAL, kinetic movement ffect.

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 15mm size in dia, 2D/3D type hologramm.

VOID IF REMOVED, PRODUCT ORINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm size in dia, 2D/3D type hologramm.

AUTHENTIC

 

Hologram sticker in Stock:15mm*15mm size, 2D/3D type hologramm.

ORIGINAL, AUTHENTIC

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*15mm, Dot-matrix type hologramm.

ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: Dot-matrix type hologramm.

Hologram Seal

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm*10mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm*15mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 30mm*10mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm in Dia, 2D/3D type hologramm.

VALID

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*25mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

AUTHENTIC

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*25mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

AUTHENTIC, GUARANTTEEED

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm*20mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

VOID IF REMOVED

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm*20mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm in dia, Dot-matrix type hologramm.

SECURITY, ORIGINAL, 4 Flip Flops, Hidden text

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm in dia, Dot-matrix type hologramm.

SECURITY, ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 18mm in dia, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SECURITY, ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm in dia, 2D/3D type hologramm.

UP

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 15mm*10mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SECURE, AUTHENTIC, GENUINE, VALID

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 10mm in dia, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SECURE, AUTHENTIC, GENUINE, VALID

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 14mm*14mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SECURE, AUTHENTIC, GENUINE, VALID

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 25mm*15mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

AUTHENTIC

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 18mm in dia, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SECURE, Hidden text

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm in dia, 2D/3D type hologramm.

ORIGINAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 30mm*15mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SEALED, PROTECTED, Flip-flop

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 40mm*8mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SEAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 40mm*8mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SEAL

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 15mm*20mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SECURIRTY Hologram

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 40mm*10mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SECURITY, VALID

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 20mm*18mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

SECURE

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 15mm*15mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

OK TESTED

 

Hologram sticker in Stock: 130mm*75mm, 2D/3D type hologramm.

ORIGINAL

 

 

 

B. Custom Holograms.                                                                                                     Go Home

To make your own design holograms, we have to make hologram master origination which is a pcs of hologram nickel mold. So you have to pay hologram master origination charge.

We can make very good design customized holograms with your logo and company's name with Hidden text & micro text, Laser hidden(cover) image, Moire hidden/Decoder image, Kinetic guilloche elements, True Ccolor/Photo/Figures, Flip-Flop/switching/multi-channel, Solid white, Flash light(kinetic), Fingerprint, Random effect hologram effects to enhance hologram security.

Below holograms images are our customized design holograms labels made for our customers. They just show hologram effect here to your designer's reference.

Dot-matrix design hologramm

 

Dot-matrix design hologram + 2D/3D Hologram

 

Dot-matrix design hologram + 2D/3D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

2D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram with flip-flop

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram

2D/3D Hologram

 

Dot-matrix design hologram + 2D/3D Hologram

 

Dot-matrix design hologram + 2D/3D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

Dot-matrix design hologram + 2D/3D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

Dot-matrix design hologram

 

Dot-matrix design hologramm

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

Dot-matrix design hologramm

 

Dot-matrix design hologramm

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

Dot-matrix design hologram + 2D/3D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram with Flip-flop

 

2D/3D Hologram + Flash light

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram with photo

 

Dot-matrix design hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram with photo

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

2D/3D Hologram

 

Dot-matrix design hologramm

 

Sample photoes of Customized design nickel hologram master origiation.

Hologram Master Origination. It's One pcs of nickel shim copy from photoresist glass or PE film

 

Hologram Master Origination. It's One pcs of nickel shim copy from photoresist glass or PE film

 

Hologram Master Origination. It's One pcs of nickel shim copy from photoresist glass or PE film

 

Hologram Origination Operation copy shim. It's one pcs nickel shim copy from origination for hologram embossing

 

Hologram Origination Operation copy shim. It's one pcs nickel shim copy from origination for hologram embossing

 

 

C. Holograms in roll                                                                                                Go Home

Holograms Labels in roll can be applied automaticly by machine.

Hologram label in roll format. We can make hologram label in roll wih similair gap for automatic machine application.

Holograms in roll

 

Automatic machine to apply hologram labels. We also supply this machine. The machine can apply 10000-30000 pcs hologram label automaticly. The machine's application part can be adjusted according different packaging which hologram label will be applied onto.

 

 

We produce hologram master origination with our 2D/3D system and Dot-matrix system.

We have more than one hundred general design hologram master originations with different designs and hologram patterns which size up to 1200mm*650mm.

 

D. Hologram Hot Stamping Foil                                                                                        Go Home

Hologram Hot Stamping Foil ,With hot stamping process, can be transferred to a wide variety of materials, such as paper, synthetic leather, fabric, iron, and plastic. It's well recognized that hot foils can easily promote the images and value of products. Hologram hot stamping foils used on all kinds of product packaging, greeting cards, gifts, stationery, calendars, book covers,credit cards, £ýeather articles & variety of plastics like telephone ÔÏetc. When incorporated with custom design pattern or logo, Hologram hot stamping foils become security foils that protect credit cards, passport, and value documents from counterfeit.

We produce Customized design and General design hologram hot stamping foil which is 120 meters in length * 640 mm in width in roll. We can slit 640mm width foil into small roll.

 

 

We supply maual and automatic hologram hot stamping machines. The manual machine is small for desktop use. Automatic hot stamping machine is big. One

Above Hologram Hot stamping machine is manual or semi-auto. They stamping hologram which is wall paper design.

This hologram machine can hot stamping hologram and cutting hologram paper sticker in roll. It automatic machine work with register eye mark(Photo cell).

 

E. Hologram Pouch                                                                                                     Go Home

Hologram Lamination Pouches offer you a high level of protection for ID cards, badges and licenses.etc. The heat-sealed lamination provides durability; thicker lamination creates a more durable identification card.

 

F. Scratch Off Hologram Label                                                                                Go Home

Scratch hologram label is widely used to cover Pin codes for the lottery card, banking , mobile charging cards, discount coupons, password, etc. The hologram image improves security ability of scratch coating greatly instead of normal scratch coating which is used for mobile charging cards or gift coupons.

We produce hologram scratch labels with general design and customized design. Usually hologram scratch off label is 600 meter per roll. The hologram scratch label size is 7mm*37mm, 6mm*38mm, 6mm*36mm or other custom size.

 

Company: Shanghai Henglei Hologram Co.,LTD(Security Hologram Sticker Supplier)
Address: Room 503, Building 16, Rui Hong xing cheng, #133 LinPing Bei Road, (Near Subway Line 4, Hualun Rd Stop),Shanghai City, 200086, China
Tel/Fax: 0086-21-61236144 (David song) Or please send email to Mr.song

E-mail: service@hlhologram.com
Contact Person: Mr.David Song(Marketing Manager)
E-mail:zxsong@hlhologram.com Davidsong968@hotmail.com